Wright used similar designs in tapestries inside the house and for gates surrounding the outdoor spaces and enclosing the garage courtyard. As Wright wrote in 1910, "it is quite impos… [31], The Robie House is one of the best known examples of Frank Lloyd Wright's Prairie style of architecture. Computer rendition of Robie House by Razin Khan. A half bath is located on the north side of the entrance hall. Although Wright used the term "Prairie School" in writings as early as 1936 (see. At the time Robie House was commissioned in 1908, the lots surrounding the house's site were mostly vacant except for the lots immediately to the north on Woodlawn Avenue, which were filled with large homes. An on-line copy of the, "One Hundred Years of the American House,". Smith, "How the Robie House was Saved," Frank Lloyd Wright Quarterly, pp. [22] This time an international outcry arose, and Wright himself, then almost 90 years old, returned to the Robie House on March 18, accompanied by the media, students and neighborhood organizers to protest the intended demolition of the house. Interior of the Robie House, Chicago, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. With its restless, interlocking horizontal volumes, continuous surfaces, banded windows, absence of traditional ornament, and hidden entryway, the house was a complete departure from traditional residential architecture. Feb 23, 2014 - Explore Behrooz Saboori's board "Robie house" on Pinterest. Dresser drawers are built into the walls of the bedrooms underneath the windows, and project into the eave spaces. Wright’s clients, Frederick Robie and his wife Lora, lived in Hyde Park … 17, no. This style is acknowledged as the first truly American style, and is characterized by dominating horizontal lines, banded rows of windows and spacious, open floor plans. Further east are a coat closet and back stairway, the boiler room, laundry room, and coal storage room, followed by a small workshop, half bath, and a three-car garage. The Robie family sold the house in December 1911, and later owners, the Wilbur family, sold the property in 1926 to the Chicago Theological Seminary for use as married-student housing. "The Robie House of Frank Lloyd Wright," Connors, Joseph, University of Chicago Press, 1984, pp. The most serious threat to the Robie House arose 16 years later. Years later, the janitor contacted the University of Chicago when the museum opened up and regifted the chair to Robie House, where it is currently on display in one of the bedrooms. The lots to the south were vacant and afforded uninterrupted views to the Midway Plaisance parkland, one of the sites of the World's Columbian Exposition. Taylor died less than a year later, and his widow, Ellen Taylor, sold the house and most of its contents to Marshall D. Wilber, treasurer of the Wilber Mercantile Agency, in November 1912. The contractor for the project, H.B. As with all Prairie houses, Wright designed the light fixtures for the Robie House. Even if your new home is not a Wright original, it can incorporate his most popular details. After revised proposals,[47] the properties were inscribed on the World Heritage List under the title "The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright" in July 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2007. 38, Issue 1), See, e.g., "The Meaning of Architecture," Pond, Irving K., Boston, 1918, p. 174 (stating that "[i]n imitation of a certain broad and horizontal disposition of lines individually employed, a school of design has sprung up, for which its authors claim the title 'American.' Wright Angles: A Dialogue (Vol. The Robie family—Frederick, Laura, and their two children, Frederick Jr. and Lorraine—moved into the home in May 1910, although all of the final details, including rugs and furniture, were not completed until January 1911. Wright punctured the chimney above the central fireplace that defines the living and dining areas so that the room reads as a continuous space, ringed on all sides by stained-glass windows and doors. Experience and explore Frank Lloyd Wright’s visionary Robie House on this in-depth guided tour. By any standard his Robie house was the House of the 1900s—indeed the House of the Century. [40] This publication featured most of Wright's designs, including those unbuilt, during his Oak Park years and brought them to the attention of students of the Bauhaus school in Germany and the De Stijl school in the Netherlands. Most of the original furniture is currently in the collection of the Smart Museum of Art at the University of Chicago, although only the dining room table and chairs are on more or less permanent display. 46-57. In August 1958, William Zeckendorf, a friend of Wright's and a New York real estate developer then involved in several development projects on Chicago's south side, acquired the Robie House at Wright's urging from the seminary through his development company Webb & Knapp. Shop for robie house art from the world's greatest living artists. From a distance, this complex and expensive tuckpointing creates an impression of continuous lines of horizontal color and minimizes the appearance of individual bricks. 4 (Fall, 2008). Built between 1909 and 1910, the building was designed as a single family home by architect Frank Lloyd Wright[4] and is renowned as the greatest example of Prairie School, the first architectural style considered uniquely American. "[23] Two fraternities at the University of Chicago provided the Seminary with a realistic alternative to its plans of demolition. Massive two-ton urns flank the lower knee wall that shields the playroom and billiard room on the ground level from the street and creates a small garden area. Tours are available, and a gift shop is located in the onetime garage. The steel beams in the ceilings and floors carry most of the building's weight to piers at the east and west ends. Some of these pieces are attributed to Wright's interior design collaborator George Mann Niedecken. Soffit lighting running the length of the north and south sides of the living and dining rooms, as well as soffit lighting in the prows of the living and dining rooms, are covered with Wright-designed wooden grilles, backed with translucent colored glass diffusers. The house is conceived as an integral whole—site and structure, interior and exterior, furniture, ornament and architecture, each element is connected. "[39] Because the house's components are so well designed and coordinated, it is considered to be a quintessential example of Wright's Prairie School architecture and the "measuring stick" against which all other Prairie School buildings are compared. [29] The Trust follows guidelines developed by the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties. Vincent Michael, the John H. Bryan Chair in Historic Preservation at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, has been a professional preservationist, tour guide and lecturer since 1983. [44] The 10 sites have been submitted as one entire site. The chimney mass containing four fireplaces—one in the billiards room, playroom, living room and master bedroom—and the main stairway from the entrance hall to the second floor living and dining rooms rise through the center of the house, from which the rest of the building radiates. 32-33. [39] According to the Historical American Buildings Survey, the city of Chicago's Commission on Chicago Architectural Landmarks stated: "The bold interplay of horizontal planes about the chimney mass, and the structurally expressive piers and windows, established a new form of domestic design. The front door and main entrance is partially hidden on the northwest side of the building beneath an overhanging balcony in order to create a sense of privacy and protection for the family. "Ausgefuhrte Bauten und Entwurfe von Frank Lloyd Wright," Wright, Frank Lloyd, Ernst Wasmuth, Berlin, 1910. 29, No. 14-15. To further emphasize the horizontal of the bricks, the horizontal joints were filled with a cream-colored mortar and the small vertical joints were filled with brick-colored mortar. For an in depth description of the working relationship between Wright and Niedecken in connection with the Robie House, see "Frank Lloyd Wright and George Mann Niedecken: Prairie School Collaborators," Robertson, Cheryl, Milwaukee Art Museum and the Museum of Our National Heritage, 1999. These features unite the two spaces, creating an openness of plan which, for Wright, was a metaphor for the openness of American political and social life. Chicago is especially rich in examples: the suburb of Oak Park has the highest concentration of Prairie style buildings in the nation. Prairie School is a late 19th- and early 20th-century architectural style, most common in the Midwestern United States.The style is usually marked by horizontal lines, flat or hipped roofs with broad overhanging eaves, windows grouped in horizontal bands, integration with the landscape, solid construction, craftsmanship, and discipline in the use of ornament. Above all else, the Robie House is a magnificent work of art. Made from cast sandstone and available in 5 … The entire space is marked by a rectangular ceiling with a rectangular inset punctuated by regular bands of wood molding and globe lamps. [8] At the time that he commissioned Wright to design his home, Robie was only 28 years old and the assistant manager of the Excelsior Supply Company, a company on the South Side of Chicago owned and managed by his father. The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, U.S. National Register of Historic Places, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, "The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright", http://gowright.org/restoration-project.html, "The Robie House, a Frank Lloyd Wright masterpiece, is again a full-fledged architectural symphony after meticulous restoration", National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form, Frederick C. Robie House, Smart Museum of Art On-Line Database Project, Dunlap, “Work Is Set to Begin On the Robie House,”, DOI Secretary Kempthorne Selects New U.S. World Heritage Tentative List, National Park Service, S. C. Johnson and Son, Inc., Administration Building and Research Tower, Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings, Tentative Lists Database, World Heritage, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, U.S. Department of the Interior, Press Release, Salazar Proposes Poverty Point, Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings for World Heritage List Nominations, "Eight Buildings Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright Nominated to the UNESCO World Heritage List", "The proud history of architecture in Illinois", Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust: Robie House, Drawings, photos and data pages in the Library of Congress Historic American Buildings Survey, Society of Architectural Historians SAH ARCHIPEDIA entry on Robie House. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Hoffman, p. 94. 2 (Spring, 2006). History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, DANK Haus German American Cultural Center, National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame, National Museum of Puerto Rican Arts and Culture, Spertus Institute for Jewish Learning and Leadership, DuSable Museum of African American History, Lawrence Memorial Library (Springfield, Illinois), Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center, Sharp Family Tourism and Education Center, Wright–Prairie School of Architecture Historic District, The Last Wright: Frank Lloyd Wright and the Park Inn Hotel, Work Song: Three Views of Frank Lloyd Wright, Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robie_House&oldid=995289802, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Chicago, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, High-resolution 360° Panoramas and Images of, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 06:14. The billiards and playroom open into a small passage and doors near the center of the building to an enclosed garden on the south side of the building. During his very brief tenure as a student at the University of Wisconsin, Wright had been a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity. In plan, the house is designed as two large rectangles that seem to slide by one another. [43], In 2008, the U.S. National Park Service submitted the Robie house, along with nine other Frank Lloyd Wright properties, to a tentative list for World Heritage Status. "The Robie House of Frank Lloyd Wright," Connors, Joseph, University of Chicago Press, 1984, p. 46. The living and dining rooms flow into one another along the south side of the building and open through a series of twelve French doors containing art glass panels to an exterior balcony running the length of the south side of the building that overlooks the enclosed garden. The Phi Delts offered to vacate their house, and the Zeta Beta Tau fraternity, located next to the Phi Delt house, offered to vacate their house as well. "Ausgefuhrte Bauten und Entwurfe von Frank Lloyd Wright," Wright, Frank Lloyd, Ernst Wasmuth, Berlin, 1910, quoted in "Frank Lloyd Wright's Dana House," Hoffman, Donald, Dover Publications, Inc., 1996. After major structural steel restoration, exterior brick work, and installation of modern mechanical systems, the restoration focused on the interiors elements, such as woodwork, glass, and furniture. Back in October, we toured Frank Lloyd Wright’s Robie House in Chicago’s Hyde Park neighborhood. The design of the art glass windows is an abstract pattern of colored and clear glass using Wright's favorite 30 and 60-degree angles. The chimney mass is constructed of the same brick and limestone as the exterior. See more ideas about robie house, frank lloyd wright, frank lloyd wright robie house. Designed and built between 1908-1910, the Robie House for client Frederick C. Robie and his family was one of Wright's earlier projects. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By 1908 he was able to bring about, in the Robie House on the campus of the University of Chicago, what is for many Americans the finest work of art turned out by any of our architects in our history as a nation. East of the back stairway are the kitchen and butler's pantry, and the servants' sitting room. The Robie House is one of the best known examples of Frank Lloyd Wright's Prairie styleof architecture. The exterior walls are double-wythe construction of a Chicago common brick core with a red-orange iron-spotted Roman brick veneer. First up is Robie House, now recognised as a symbol of the Prairie style. Frederick C. Robie House. It was designated a National Historic Landmark on November 27, 1963,[5] and was on the first National Register of Historic Places list of October 15, 1966. To the west, a full block of vacant land separated the site from the growing University of Chicago campus, but by 1930 Rockefeller Chapel (1928), the Chicago Theological Seminary (1928), and the Oriental Institute (1930) buildings had been constructed. The University used Robie House as the Adlai E. Stevenson Institute of International Affairs, and later the building served as the headquarters for the University's Alumni Association. See more ideas about robie house, frank lloyd wright, frank lloyd wright robie house. Quiz. [49]. 19, no. Although later drawings of the Robie House show a date of 1906, Wright could not have started the design for the building earlier than the spring of 1908 because Robie had actually purchased the property only in May of that year. One commentator has suggested that Wright's designs for the Yahara Boat Club of 1902 in Madison, Wisconsin, and the River Forest Tennis Club of 1906 in River Forest, Illinois, also served as design precedents for the Robie House. Trading height and lavish ornamentation for clean horizontal lines, it tightly hugs the ground. On the second floor are the entry hall at the top of the central stairway, the living room (west end) and the dining room (east end). This style is characterized by a dominating horizontal axis, banded windows, and a spacious and open interior plan. See "Many Masks," Gill, Brendan, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1987, p. 494. As Wright wrote in 1910, "it is quite impossible to consider the building one thing and its furnishings another. Robie desired a modern floorplan … Barnard Co. of Chicago, began construction on April 15, 1909. Steel I beams make the roof cantilever possible, while the detailing of the exterior brickwork reinforces the horizontal emphasis by tooling the horizontal joints in a natural mortar and leaving the vertical joints flush in a brick-coloured mortar. 12-17, vol. Designed by the Uruguayan-born architect Rafael Viñoly and completed in 2004, the building both respects the scale of the Robie House and contains elements that echo Wright's contributions to the vocabulary of modern architecture. Omissions? [48], Robie House is the subject of a 2013 PBS documentary and companion book, "10 Buildings that Changed America." The design drawings for the Robie House no longer exist although it is not known whether Wright discarded the drawings or they were destroyed in the Taliesin fire of 1914. Id., p. 83. Updates? In 1941, a graduate student at the Illinois Institute of Technology accidentally discovered that the Seminary was moving ahead with a plan to demolish the Robie House and informed his instructors, including Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Can You Match The Famous Building To Its City? The only construction documents that exist are the contractor's blueprints, several measured studies for furniture and interior details, and a couple of perspective renderings. Street parking on the University of Chicago Campus is extremely limited, we recommend giving yourself ample time to find parking before your tour. It went against the romantic European facades that were common during its time. [26] In 2002, the Frank Lloyd Wright Trust began restoration of the Robie House to its original appearance in 1910, when construction completed and the house best reflected the design intent of the architect and the client. 16-17. [41], In 1956, The Archectural Record selected the Robie House as "one of the seven most notable residences ever built in America. Kienitz, John Fabian, "Fifty-Two Years of Frank Lloyd Wright's Progressivism," The Wisconsin Magazine of History, Vol. A map of campus parking lots and garages can be found here. IV, no. Robie house interior photos (Robie house interior photos). The Robie House’s influence on American architecture was immediate and undeniable. These offers were a turning point in the effort to save the Robie house since the three properties provided the Seminary with sufficient land for the dormitory they sought to build.[24]. This post continues our series on identifying house styles, so let’s take a look at how to identify Prairie style homes. The third floor overlaps the major and minor vessels in the center of the building. In celebration of the 2018 Illinois Bicentennial, the Robie House was selected as one of the Illinois 200 Great Places [50] by the American Institute of Architects Illinois component (AIA Illinois). Amid a collection of Victorian homes in Hyde Park, Frank Lloyd Wright’s masterpiece, Robie House, stands out from the crowd. Cantilever on the Robie House, Chicago, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. [14] (Simple inflation adjusted equivalents of $58,500 in 1910 hover around $1.5 million in 2015, although other ways of comparing price and value over time could place that figure as high as $10 million without accounting for any potential premium as a result of the historical fame of the house. "[42], In 1991, the American Institute of Architects named Robie House among the Top All-Time Work of American Architects. Robie's generous budget allowed Wright to design a house with a largely steel structure, which accounts for the minimal deflection of the eaves. 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