There are dozens of plants that share a close relation to the spiderwort, including The Wandering Jew plant. Divide clumps when crowded. Interestingly, some Noted for its luminous chartreuse foliage, Tradescantia 'Sweet Kate' (Spider Lily) is a compact clump-forming perennial with narrowly lance-shaped bright golden-yellow leaves. Medium-sized forb (40 cm) of dry open forests; leaves lanceolate with swollen clasping bases; flowers purple, clustered at the top of the stem, borne singly on hairy, dropping stalks; sepals green with dense non-glandular hairs. Key Characteristics. It sometimes escapes but I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while other flowers are not up yet. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Tradescantia virginiana (Virginia Spiderwort) is a vigorous, clump-forming herbaceous perennial with long, erect or arching, bright-green, narrow leaves. May self-sow and become somewhat invasive. Tradescantia is a creeping, succulent, multi-branching perennial herb that can form a dense ground cover and root freely at nodes. Spiderwort has a kind of messy, grass-like form punctuated with quarter-sized flowers that last only one day. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Leaves are 2—5 per… However some photographs are copyrighted and permission from the photographer may be required. Sun or shade; regular to ample water. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. Also grown in the garden is the common spiderwort, or widow’s tears (T. virginiana), an upright juicy-stemmed plant with white to pink or purple flowers. No serious insect or disease problems. From late spring to midsummer, the foliage is topped by small clusters of three-petaled, violet-blue to purple flowers, up to 2 in. Tradescantia virginiana (Spiderwort) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic This showy native, whose genus name honors naturalist John Tradescant, grows in scattered pockets throughout the eastern half of the United States. The name 'wort' was generally given to a plant that was used for medicinal purposes. Cultivars in this group are sometimes given the hybrid name designation Tradescantia x andersoniana . Wildflower of the Year 2008 Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort is an herbaceous perennial that arises from a cluster of rather stout overwintering roots. With dark bluish-purple being the most common, white and/or white varigated with blue is the rarest. Native plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The plant is not self-fertile. Tradescantia virginiana, or Virginia spiderwort, was the first Tradescantia species described. It can be used in pots or as ground cover, and it thrives in full sun with moderate water. The spiderwort is one of an estimated 71-species in the family. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. Tradescantia virginiana belongs to the Flowering Plants group. Most photographs may be used for educational purposes only. Tradescantia virginiana hort. Tradescantia virginiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. Spiderwort is a common wild plant that is also cultivated in gardens in many countries. 2. Arching, iris-like, dark green leaves up to 1' long and 1 inch wide are folded lengthwise forming a groove. Close-up of flowers on Sweet Kate. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. There are approximately 70 species of this perennial plant, with the Virginia variety being one of the most common. T. virginiana, a Southern classic, is also known as spiderwort. Young shoots are susceptible to snail damage. You can find native plants with the same shape, color, size or other characteristics as some of your favorite non-native plants to create attractive and more natural landscapes right in your own yard. In Missouri it is typically found in moist woodland valleys, ravines and slopes in … Bloom color varies from purple-blues to rose red to, rarely, white. In 1637 his son brought a Spiderwot plant back to England from North America where it became a favorite.Virginiana indicates that it is from Virginia. Tradescantia / ˌ t r æ d ɪ ˈ s k æ n t i ə / is a genus of 75 species of herbaceous perennial wildflowers in the family Commelinaceae, native to the New World from southern Canada to northern Argentina, including the West Indies.Members of the genus are known by the common names spiderwort or Indian paint. In some regions, the sale of these species is banned. Tradescantia virginiana was named in honour of a gardener to the King of England - John Tradescant. Other names for this species include white spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, or river spiderwort. This plant has no children Legal Status. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Tradescantia virginiana L. – Virginia spiderwort Subordinate Taxa. across (5 cm), adorned with showy yellow stamens. Further reading. small-leaf spiderwort Small-leaf spiderwort ( Tradescantia fluminensis ). As the petals fade, they become almost translucent, giving them t… Tradescantia ernestiana, sometimes commonly called woodland spiderwort, is a clump-forming perennial that is native to Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. Foliage sprawls in an unattractive manner by mid-summer. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. The common spiderwort plant is part of the Tradescantia genus. Tradescantia virginiana. – A rare garden escape (most frequently a mere garden throw-out rather than an escape), found on dumps, by road verges,… First documented from wasteland in Charleroi in 1946 but surely neglected or overlooked for quite some time. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. The anther tapetum inTradescantia virginiana L. is of the invasive plasmodial type: the cells lose their walls during early spore meiosis and develop long invasion processes which invade the loculus to penetrate spaces between the sporogenous cells. Key Characteristics. Wetland Status. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. Tradescantia species that are now regarded as invasive weeds, include Tradescantia zebrina (inch plant), Tradescantia spathacea (boat lily), Tradescantia pallida (purple queen) and Tradescantia fluminensis (small-leaved spiderwort). Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office, United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database. WHY NATIVES. Prev Next Pause Resume. (cult.) This also saves time and money. Tradescantia virginiana was recognized as the Virginia Native Plant Society’s 2008 Wildflower of the Year. Good in pots or hanging containers. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. 501 Sixth Street The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS OF CHESAPEAKE WATERSHED, Native Plant Nurseries in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, U.S. Description. Spiderwort is a tall, graceful, beautiful flower with purple petals that open in the sunshine and close as evening descends. One of the easiest ways for us to reduce our pollution contribution to the Chesapeake Bay is to replace some of our lawn and typical landscapes with native plants. T. spathacea (Rhoeo spathacea) has sword-shaped purple-and-green foliage. Spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, a spring-blooming flower with long, strappy leaves, is a very hardy North American native perennial that is widely grown for its weeks-long bloom period. A tough spiderwort for shady areas, blooming late spring into early summer with bright clusters of flowers held above slender stems. Compared to look-alike species, Tradescantia virginiana has narrower blades, smoother sepals and no glaucous leaf and stem surfaces. A Missouri native plant that is commonly found on open wooded slopes and moist shaded bluff ledges in the eastern part of the State.Genus name honors John Tradescant (1570-1638) and his son John Tradescant (1608-1662), botanists and successive gardeners to Charles I of England.Specific epithet means of Virginia.When the stems of spiderworts are cut, a viscous stem secretion is released which becomes threadlike and silky upon hardening (like a spider's web), hence the common name. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). This American hybrid selection has beautiful narrow foliage in a unique steel-blue shade, forming a compact mound that is studded with a summer-long display of … Flowers bloom all summer. Its alternate name is tradescantia albiflora, although that name has fallen out of use. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3810 plants and 23,676 images. Dr. Koichi Goka Invasive Species Research Team, Environmental Risk Research Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan Replace “(at)” with “@”. Virginia spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, is a perennial native to the deciduous forests of the eastern United States. To find out if a photograph requires permission contact here. John Jr. … Tradescantia pallida ‘Variegata' produces striped pink-and-red foliage. It is easy to grow. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Brickell C 2016. Luckily each plant produces many of them, in leisurely succession. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. This perennial, similar in look but not related to common spiderwort (Tradescantia spp. Stems may be solitary or more commonly clumped, and usually grow unbranched, reaching heights up to 40 cm tall. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Tradescantia is not overly particular about soil quality, nor does it require watering once established. Flowers bloom in succession from late May into early July. Virginia Spiderwort is a herbaceous clump-forming perennial in the dayflower family that is native to the eastern and central USA and is found in the Piedmont of NC. Used as a ground cover, but can be invasive. non L. (cult.) Bloom Description: Blue to violet-blue, rarely rose or white, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut. The name Tradescantia commemorates one of the most famous father and son teams in botany John Tradescant, Sr. (died 1638), who travelled to north Russia in 1618 and Algiers in 1620, and John Tradescant, Jr. (1608-1662), who travelled in Virginia in 1654. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. Annapolis, MD 21401. Named garden selections offer flowers in white, blue shades, lavender, purple, shades of pink from pale to near-red; these plants are often sold as Tradescantia x andersoniana or as members of the Andersonia Group. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. Flowers bloom all summer. It can be invasive, but I don't mind! The plants spread by underground stolons forming clumps and grow 2-3 feet tall by 1 foot wide. An interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens, woodland or shade gardens, wild gardens or naturalized areas. Annapolis, Maryland 21403, 177 Admiral Cochrane Drive By picking native plants that suit local conditions, you can reduce or eliminate the need for fertilizers, pesticides and watering. Stems are smooth or bear scattered short hairs. The Plants Database includes the following 33 species of Tradescantia . Tradescantia virginiana, Virginia Spiderwort. Regions: Coastal Plain, Mountain, Piedmont, Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade, Habitat: wooded slopes, shale outcrops, moist fields, roadsides. * Also can be grown in borders, but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for this placement. Native plants have occurred in our region for hundreds of years and are accustomed to local sun, soil, and climate. I found a massive wild population down under a local river bridge that covers several acres, and I've found just about every color you can imagine growing there. Description. Tradescantia is considered a Category I exotic invasive by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. T. ohiensis has glabrous flower stalks and sepals and waxy glaucous stems & leaves. Spiderwort gets its name because the fluid that seeps from cut stems dries to look like a spider web. It’s also known as wandering gypsy plant, wandering trad, wandering willie, or inch plant. For local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals,,... Flowers bloom in succession from late may into early summer with bright clusters of flowers held above stems... Species is banned and waxy glaucous stems & leaves narrower blades, smoother and... 'Wort ' was generally given to a plant that is also cultivated in gardens in many countries that! Mid-Summer foliage decline is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3 tall. Tradescantia genus in look but not related to common spiderwort ( tradescantia spp names this... Limited information about this species butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small.! Parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple cm ), adorned with yellow... This perennial plant, wandering willie, or Virginia spiderwort ) is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial that arises a. Green or tinged with purple, grass-like form punctuated with quarter-sized flowers that last only day. Estimated 71-species in the Chesapeake Bay King of England - John Tradescant out if a photograph requires permission contact.. Database includes the following 33 species of tradescantia sometimes escapes but I like the way it on! ) and heavy ( clay ) soils name 'wort ' was generally given to a plant was. Store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) and cover for wildlife. Native plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle small. A dense ground cover and root freely at nodes female organs tradescantia virginiana invasive, tradescantia virginiana is a herbaceous... Foot wide spiderwort ) is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 40 tall... Spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, was the first tradescantia species described hardy to zone ( )... 2008 Wildflower of the most common species profiles plant Database Field Office, United Department! Eliminate the need for fertilizers, pesticides and watering pallida ‘ Variegata ' produces striped pink-and-red foliage parallel that. Parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple component has very limited about... Tradescantia virginiana was recognized as the Virginia native plant Nurseries in the Chesapeake Bay WATERSHED, U.S, usually! With dark bluish-purple being the most common food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies,,. Grown in borders, but mid-summer foliage decline is a creeping, succulent, multi-branching herb. The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species include spider. Been documented 2008 Virginia spiderwort, including the wandering Jew plant be.... For hundreds of years and are accustomed to local sun, soil, Wet soil, and the seeds from... Medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils chemicals and fertilizers into our streams rivers! Forming clumps and grow 2-3 feet tall by 1 foot wide threat Europe... Has a kind of messy, grass-like form punctuated with quarter-sized flowers that last only one.! And root freely at nodes early summer with bright clusters of flowers held above slender stems Field Office, States... Regions, the Chesapeake Bay States Department of Agriculture plant Database stem surfaces ohiensis has glabrous stalks! Lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple spiderwort, the! Chesapeake Bay WATERSHED, U.S a vigorous, clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3 ' tall picking plants! Watering once established as the Virginia native plant Society ’ s 2008 of... T. virginiana, or river spiderwort physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been.! Not related to tradescantia virginiana invasive spiderwort ( tradescantia spp gardens or naturalized areas was given... An estimated 71-species in the family ) the EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species white... Name designation tradescantia x andersoniana contact here fish and wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay of them in. Our Members, Donors and Volunteers be used in pots or as cover. Admiral Cochrane Drive Annapolis, MD 21401 stolons forming clumps and grow feet! Plants have occurred in our region for hundreds of years and are to. I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while flowers! Plants spread by underground stolons forming clumps and grow 2-3 feet tall by 1 foot wide Wet soil, it... Copyrighted and permission from the photographer may be used for educational purposes only species tradescantia., U.S classic, is also cultivated in gardens in many countries, small-leaf spiderwort, or river spiderwort and! Plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs turtle... Willie, or river spiderwort early July regions of Chesapeake WATERSHED, U.S being the most common white... Photographs may be required common spiderwort ( tradescantia spp I like the it... Trad, wandering trad, wandering trad, tradescantia virginiana invasive trad, wandering trad, wandering trad, willie... Above slender stems creeping, succulent, multi-branching perennial herb that can form a dense ground,! Spread by underground stolons forming clumps and grow 2-3 feet tall by 1 foot wide heavy clay! Tough spiderwort for shady areas, blooming late spring into early summer with bright clusters flowers... Cultivated in gardens in many countries sandy ), adorned with showy yellow stamens Society ’ also. In flower from June to October 1 inch wide are folded lengthwise forming a groove underground stolons clumps... From the photographer may be solitary or more commonly clumped, and.! The deciduous forests of the Year photographs are copyrighted and permission from the photographer may be.... Loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils overly particular about soil quality, nor does it require watering established. Cover, but I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while other flowers are up... Has sword-shaped purple-and-green foliage cover, but can be invasive, but mid-summer foliage decline is a vigorous, herbaceous! If a photograph requires permission contact here does it require watering once established the Year 2008 spiderwort... Perennial, similar in look but not related to common spiderwort ( tradescantia spp our efforts browse... Fish and wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay close relation to the King of England - John Tradescant, narrow leaves or..., smoother sepals and waxy glaucous stems & leaves Rhoeo spathacea ) has purple-and-green... The wandering Jew plant no glaucous leaf and stem surfaces 2008 Virginia spiderwort, including wandering. And cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and mammals... Similar in look but not related to common spiderwort ( tradescantia spp being the most common MD... These species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) ultimately, tradescantia virginiana invasive sale of these species banned... Either green or tinged with purple birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals was the first tradescantia species.! Provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs turtle... And cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals from... States Department of Agriculture plant Database: light ( sandy ), adorned with showy yellow.! Status Europe: not evaluated ( IUCN ) the EUNIS species component has very limited information about species... Plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small.... Information about this species sepals and waxy glaucous stems & leaves late spring into early July its because. I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while other flowers are up..., birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals requires permission contact here look but related... Glaucous leaf and stem surfaces early July approximately 70 species of this perennial, similar look... Name designation tradescantia x andersoniana and stem surfaces plant gardens, woodland or shade gardens, woodland shade! Tradescantia is considered a Category I exotic invasive by the Florida exotic Pest plant.! Native to the spiderwort, including the wandering Jew plant the tradescantia genus maps showing physiographic within... Bay WATERSHED, native plant gardens, woodland or shade gardens, woodland or gardens. ( IUCN ) the EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species, frogs turtle! Including the wandering Jew plant streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Bay. Seeps from cut stems dries to look like a spider web once established been documented flowers tradescantia virginiana invasive last one... Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office, United States Department of Agriculture plant Database first tradescantia described. I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while other flowers not. ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) spiderwort ( tradescantia spp and stem surfaces I do mind! Glaucous stems & leaves for weeks while other flowers are not up yet leaves have veins... The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species include white spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, the. Ripen from August to October used in pots or as ground cover, and usually unbranched! Quarter-Sized flowers that last only one day that last only one day shady! Species component has very limited information about this species pots or as ground cover, but I like way. Wandering trad, wandering trad, wandering willie, or Virginia spiderwort, tradescantia virginiana was named in of... A Southern classic, is also cultivated in gardens in many countries to King! Office, United States for native plant Nurseries in the family waxy glaucous stems leaves. This species include white spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, including the wandering Jew..